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Types of Software Test Automation

Software test automation’s primary function is to check that the application works correctly as per the script and requirement guidelines. At the same time, automated testing shouldn’t generate false alarms or add any significant adjustment time to the new changes.

Layering

Typically, you will be completing more than one test set. Most companies prefer to start with monitoring the production release and the collection of bug reports, which is a type of test in itself. After that, you can add automated or manual regression testing so that you find defects long before a customer does. After that, you will add unit testing so the coding can be checked. In theory, you add layers by going backward from the production release so you can find errors closer to when the code was changed.

This methodology grants your developers more confidence. They get the test results they need quicker so they can be more effective at programming. Layering may seem like a huge investment but it allows you to find efficient places to test.

With that in mind, most of the tests types you will run into are:

1. In/Out Test

An in/output test can be used if the primary function of your software is to translate input data into output data. Configuring a new test is as simple as providing another in/output pair. The software works, in that particular case, if the output matches the sample for that pair. In/output testing is the most efficient type of test because it doesn’t become more complex as more code is added.

2. UI Regression Test

This type of test utilizes a tool to simulate a user’s behavior while analyzing the screens match previous outputs.Full regression testing runs through the application’s entire functionality to ensure that a seemingly unrelated change to the code doesn’t affect the end functionality of the software. However, since regression testing in lengthy and time consuming, it’s considered more efficient to add more layers to your testing instead of constantly running regression tests.

3. Unit Test

Unit testing is running a script that initializes a specific code, calls up functions and methods and checking and recording the return values. Unit tests are generally run locally as a key component of a test-driven developmental process.

4. Integration Test

Integration testing is to check that where different systems meet, all the applications still work and communicate with each other correctly. This could be automating an end to end test scenario potentially across different technologies. This can also lead to automation of the middle or integration layer, which is a technical piece of automation.

For example, you may test the functionality of “complete checkout”. An integration test will check to see that the inventory gets updated, check for the correctness of the invoice and see if the person who placed the order receives the correct information in a confirmation email.

Code Analysis

Tools used for code analysis read the code you’ve written and will tell you if the structure of the code will produce security or bug issues. Although code analysis isn’t actually a test because it doesn’t find bugs for you, it is a very useful QA layer. Essentially, code analysis will provide a code quality score so you know if the new code is a danger to the system – think of code analysis as a way to keep blatantly poor coding from getting into your software.

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